From chapter 18:
Senator John Perkins sat in an office with the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee in early September, 1958.
(The chairman to Senator Perkins:)
“Well, anyway, in honor of your father, I’m appointing you to the chairmanship of a select committee to oversee the scientists at this new ARPA organization created by Eisenhower.”
Now this organization is known as DARPA. It is the high-tech independent scientific branch of the Department of Defense.
DARPA was created in February 1958 as the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Its purpose was to formulate and execute research and development projects to expand the frontiers of technology and science, with the aim to reach beyond immediate military requirements. The administration was responding to the Soviet launching of Sputnik 1 in 1957, and DARPA’s mission was to ensure U.S. military technology would be more sophisticated than that of the nation’s potential enemies.